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History of the Arts and Crafts Movement ~ November 2019
Behind every object and invention is a history. Whether it’s a clothing item, a car, or a food, there is also a story of how it came to be. This is no less true for furniture - specifically furniture of the Arts and Crafts style. How did the Arts and Crafts Movement happen, and is it still relevant today?
What Was the Arts and Crafts Movement?
The Arts and Crafts Movement occurred from the late 19th century through the early 20th century. It began in England, and then spread to Europe and America as the style gained popularity.
The movement was primarily led by William Morris, who disliked the mass production of furniture as the result of the Industrial Revolution. Instead, he wanted to produce simple, handcrafted items that would bring joy to both the maker and the buyer.
The Arts and Crafts style of furniture was in stark contrast to the fashion at the time. While popularity demanded regal, fancy furniture, Morris preferred clean lines and tasteful decor. His company produced a number of household items, including furniture, wallpaper, and sewing fabric. The people were drawn by the contrast to Victorian-era furniture, and the movement rapidly gained popularity.
Ironically, the simple Arts and Crafts style became so popular that other companies picked it up and began mass-producing it. Not exactly what William Morris had in mind!
Who Else Influenced the Arts and Crafts Movement?
In addition to William Morris, the widespread movement was influenced by Charles Ashbee and Charles Francis Annesley Voysey. They produced other handcrafted pieces such as silverware, tiles, colored stones, and ceramics. As already mentioned, competing companies took note of the work of these men and rapidly began producing their own take on the simple style.
How Does This Movement Affect Modern Furniture?
As with any fashion, preferences and popularity change over time. Many people today love the “antique” look of Arts and Crafts style furniture. Others prefer a more modern style. Either way, the Arts and Crafts Movement continues to inspire craftsmen all over the world as they carefully design new furnishings.
Some antique lovers collect actual period pieces, while some simply desire the style. For the second group, a quality artisan can design Arts and Crafts pieces for purchase.
What to Look For in Arts and Crafts Furniture
Arts and Crafts style furniture is typically sharp and clean, with simple decoration. The paint or glaze often reflects nature, being floral or woodland in theme. Colors are light and tasteful. The style is not limited to chairs and dressers. In fact, the traditional design can be produced in artisan lamps and even architecture.
The William Morris Studio in California produces arts and crafts pottery lamps that are inspired by the traditional designs of the Arts and Crafts movement. Each table lamp is made by hand, and our mica lamp shades are made with the same materials and techniques used by past artisans. If you love the simple beauty of handcrafted furnishings, contact us today to purchase one of our artisan lamps.
What is an Heirloom? ~ September 2019
Prior to the Industrial Revolution, furniture was prized as part of a person’s estate. Before mass production, each piece of furniture was painstakingly crafted and carried with it the stories of both the maker and the owners.
An heirloom is more than superior craftsmanship. It is the repository of memories handed down from generation to generation.
For example, Katherine recently wrote to me and asked if I could customize the Unity Tree design for her parents 50th wedding anniversary.
I am writing to inquire about your Unity Tree lamp. I was wondering if it’s possible to do the shade with ginkgo leaves? This would be for a gift for my parents 50th wedding anniversary...really thought the unity tree was a great symbol for their marriage.
The Unity Tree symbolizes the joining of two families and the Ginkgo tree is often associated with love and longevity. Both are perfect for symbolizing this couple’s enduring commitment to one another for over half a century.
After they received the heirloom lamp, I reached out to Katherine to find out how her parents enjoyed the design.
They absolutely loved it! My mom said it’s the first thing, now, that they turn on in the morning and the last thing in the evening.
I am attaching some photos. It is the perfect compliment to the Greene and Greene inspired furniture my dad builds!
Thank you so very much.
There is always great meaning in doing these types of designs. I don't approach the work any differently. There is only one way to do this work and that is to stay with it until it's what it should be. But it is special for me when I know how much sentiment is involved.
This particular project wasn't about creating a lamp. It was about creating a keepsake that symbolized the extraordinary journey of 50 years of marriage. It was about crafting a family heirloom to hold the memories of this extraordinary couple.
Thank you Katherine for allowing me to contribute to your family’s legacy. ~William
Note: This was a one-of-a-kind design.